How do Psychologists reconcile Shared Parenting & the potential Risks of Family Violence?

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This is one response from the Expert Interview Series: Dr. Travis Gee. Refer to the table of contents for the whole series of questions posed to Psychologist Dr Travis Gee, on the topic of how Family Reports and the Psychology Industry in Family Law

3. There are many cases that showed violence and abuse victims, mostly kids, face greater risks of continued violence and abuse when the 50/50 share care is required. How would the psychology industry go about solving this problem and provide a fair family report? 


Child Psychologist Penelope Leach

First, you are assuming that there is “a problem” based on a few cases, which is not how any science-based industry goes about things.

It is slightly less than argument from a vacuum, and goes nowhere towards producing fair reports.  Researchers and scientifically-oriented practitioners draw conclusions based on statistical realities that have been investigated impartially.

For instance a review by Joan B. Kelly 1 reflects the growing recognition of the importance of fathers in a child’s life, and the need for a range of options that will work according to the individual needs of the parents and children.

More broadly, there is a wide range of social ills that flow from what one American team of writers call “a de facto social experiment in which the social father is increasingly viewed as optional or supernumerary,”2  ills that would not be pervasive at an aggregate level unless there were severe deleterious effects at the level of the individual child, in both the short and long term.

The Ben-Ami and Baker article noted above on alienated children and their poorer outcomes underscores this point.

To the extent that very young children spending a preponderance of time with their mothers may have some benefits, developmentally-appropriate plans based on sound research need to be constructed so as to have flexibility to be reviewed periodically.

Such reviews must be careful to disregard the spoutings of psychologists who make claims that go far beyond their (or anyone else’s) data, such as the recent outrageous statements of British researcher Penelope Leach, who went so far as to suggest that sleepovers at the father’s place could “cause brain damage.”3

That is not to say that there are no risks to be considered, rather that they must be considered on the basis of truly impartial research.

An AIFS study found mothers as, or more likely than fathers to emotionally or physically abuse children, and decidedly more likely to be found guilty of neglect while at the same time showing fathers not to be the primary perpetrators of sexual abuse. 4

Once again, statistics fly in the face of those who propose mothers to somehow be ‘naturally’ the better parent and fathers some kind of  threat (particularly sexual).

However, the odds remain heavily stacked against fathers in all Family Law Courts and Magistrates’ courts. One need look no further than the AIFS review of the 2006 Family Law changes 5 to see that under all circumstances, the odds are weighted rather heavily in favour of the mother in all judicial determinations.

This seems to be mirrored in consent cases it seems that litigating fathers who fought hard for the children end up simply giving up.

  1. Kelly, JB (2006). Children’s Living Arrangements Following Separation and Divorce: Insights From Empirical and Clinical Research. Family Process, 46(1), 35-52.
  2. Mackey, WC, and Immerman, RS (2007).

    Fatherlessness by divorce contrasted to fatherlessness by non-marital births: A distinction with a difference for the community. J. Divorce & Remarriage, 47 (1/2),111-134.

  3. Sydney Morning Herald (2014). Child psychologist Penelope Leach says sleepovers at dad’s ‘may damage brain’ 3 MONTHS AGO JUNE 18, 2014.
  4. Lamont, A. (2011). Who abuses children? Australian Institute of Family Studies, February 2011, 7 pp. ISSN 1448-9112 (Online:
  5. Kaspiew, R., Gray, M., Weston, R., Moloney, L., Hand, K., and Qu, L. (2009).  Evaluation of the 2006 family law reforms. Melbourne: AIFS. 

Valerie Cortes

Online Legal Information Author at Family Law Express
Valerie is a Bachelor of Business Bachelor of Laws student at the University of Technology Sydney, majoring in International Business. Upon graduating, she plans to work in areas of family law and international human rights law, as well as an interest in international business law and commercial law. She volunteers as an interpreter for clients at a refugee case services.
Valerie Cortes
Categories: 2011 Family Violence Amendments, 2012 Family Violence Amendments, Allegations of Child Abuse, Discrimination, Dr Travis Gee, Equal Shared Parental Responsibility, Evaluation of the 2006 Family Law Reforms, Evaluation of the 2006 Family Law Reforms, Family Courts Violence Review, Family Law Amendment (Shared Parental Responsibility) Act 2006 (CTH), Family Report, Family Violence, Family Violence Amendment 2011, Literature review on domestic violence perpetrators, Mis-represented Research, Overnight care of under 2 year olds, Research, Shared Parental Responsibility Amendment 2006, Shared Parenting, Sole Custody, Spends time with, Substantial and Significant Time
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